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What is Bit and Byte? – বিট ও বাইট কি?

Bit I Byte wK?

What is Bit and Byte

weU I evBU: Kw¤úDUv‡ii fvlvq weU Ô0Õ †_‡K Ô1Õ GB `y‡Uvi A¼ hv‡K Bs‡iwR‡Z Binary digit e‡j| evBbvwi msL¨v c×wZi cÖwZwU A¼ GKwU GKwU weU| A_©vr hLb ˆe`y¨wZK LywU Ad ev Ab Kiv n‡e Zv‡K weU e‡j| weU n‡jv Dcv‡Ëi ÿz`ªZg GKK| Ô0Õ Ges Ô1Õ wewfbœ fv‡e mvwR‡q mKj msL¨v‡K evBbvwi msL¨vq †jLv nq| A_©c¨Y©fv‡e wKQz Zz‡j ai‡Z Kw¤úDUvi myk„•Ljfv‡e weU e¨envi K‡i| 8 wU weU wb‡q 1 evBU (Byte) MwVZ nq| A_v©r KZ¸‡jv weU GK‡Î hLb †Kv‡bv GKwU eY©, wPý ev A¼ cÖKvk K‡i ZLb Zv‡K evBU e‡j| †hgb: `A’ wPý‡K 0100000 w`‡q cÖKvk Kiv hvq|

AZGe  ejv hvq, Kw¤úDUvi mKj cÖKvi MYbvi Rb¨ evBbvwi msL¨v c×wZ me‡P‡q AwaK cwigv‡b e¨eüZ I AZ¨šÍ cwiwPZ GKwU c×wZ| evBbvwi msখ¨v c×wZ GKwU mijZg MYbv c×wZ Ges Gi myweav n‡jv GLv‡b weU `y‡Uv‡K ˆe`y¨wZK Dcv‡q wbw`©ó Kiv m¤¢e|

evBbvwi c×wZ‡Z Ô0Õ Ges Ô1Õ A¼ `y‡Uv Øviv GB c×wZi e„nËi msL¨v MVb Kiv nq| 8 we‡Ui mgš^‡q MwVZ 1 evBU †Kv‡bv msL¨vi gvb wbf©I K‡i H evB‡Ui AšÍM©Z weU ¸‡jvi gv‡bi Dci| GKwU evB‡Ui gva¨‡g msL¨v QvovI wewfbœ cÖKvi wPý (Character) cÖKvk Kiv hvq| evBU †_‡K D”PZi wewfbœ GKK MVb Kiv hvq| weU I evB‡Ui wewfbœ GKK ¸‡jv wb¤œiæc:

1.
1 evBU = 8 weU

2.
1 wK‡jvevBU = 210 evBU = 1024 evBU

3.
1 ‡gMvevBU = 210 wK‡jvevBU = 210 × 210= 220  evBU

4.
1 wMMvevBU = 220 ‡gMvevBU = 210 × 220  evBU = 230 evBU

DcwiD³ welqwU GKwU D`vni‡Yi gva¨‡g †`Lv hvK|

D`vniY: Kw¤úDUv‡ii mnvqK ¯§„wZ (nvW©wW¯‹) hw` 502 wMMvevBU nq Zvn‡j Kx cwigvY Z_¨ aviY Kiv‡bv hv‡e|

সgvavb:
Z‡_¨I cwigvY‡K evB‡U cÖKvk Kiv nq| Avgiv Rvwb, 1 wMMvevBU = 230 evBU AZGe 5.2 wMMvevBU n‡e-

= 5.2 × 230 evBU|

= 230 × 5.2 evBU| A_v©r D³ nvWwW¯‹ G †gvU 230 × 5.2 evBU Z_¨ ivLv hv‡e|

 

 

 

 

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